K.P.1.1 Compare the relative position of various objects… using position words…
K.P.2.1 Classify objects by observable physical properties (including size, color, shape, texture, weight and flexibility).
K.P.1.2 Give examples of different ways objects and organisms move…
K.E.1.1 Infer that change is something that happens to many things in the environment based on observations made using one or more of their senses.
1.E.2.1 Summarize the physical properties of Earth materials, including rocks, minerals, soils and water that make them useful in different ways.
1.P.1.1 Explain the importance of a push or pull to changing the motion of an object.
1.P.1.2 Explain how some forces (pushes and pulls) can be used to make things move without touching them, such as magnets.
1.P.1.3 Predict the effect of a given force on the motion of an object, including balanced forces.
2.P.2.1 Give examples of matter that change from a solid to a liquid and from a liquid to a solid by heating and cooling.
3.P.1.3 Explain the effects of earth’s gravity on the motion of any object on or near the earth.
3.P.1.1 Infer changes in speed or direction resulting from forces acting on an object.
3.E.2.2 Compare Earth’s land features (including volcanoes, mountains, valleys, canyons, caverns, and islands) by using models, pictures, diagrams, and maps.
3.P.2.3 Summarize changes that occur to the observable properties of materials when different degrees of heat are applied to them, such as melting ice or ice cream, boiling water or an egg, or freezing water.
4.P.2.1 Compare the physical properties of samples of matter (strength, hardness, flexibility, ability to conduct heat, ability to conduct electricity, ability to be attracted by magnets, reactions to water and fire).
4.P.2.2 Explain how minerals are identified using tests for the physical properties of hardness, color, luster, cleavage and streak.
4.P.2.3 Classify rocks as metamorphic, sedimentary or igneous based on their composition, how they are formed and the processes that create them.
4.E.2.1 Compare fossils (including molds, casts, and preserved parts of plants and animals) to one another and to living organisms.
4.E.2.2 Infer ideas about Earth’s early environments from fossils of plants and animals that lived long ago.
4.E.2.3 Give examples of how the surface of the earth changes due to slow processes such as erosion and weathering, and rapid processes such as landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes.
5.P.3.2 Explain how heating and cooling affect some materials and how this relates to their purpose and practical applications.
5.P.2.1 Explain how the sun’s energy impacts the processes of the water cycle (including evaporation, transpiration, condensation, precipitation and runoff).
5.L.2.2 Classify the organisms within an ecosystem according to the function they serve: producers, consumers, or decomposers (biotic factors).
5.P.1.1 Explain how factors such as gravity, friction, and change in mass affect the motion of objects.
6.E.2.1 Summarize the structure of the earth, including the layers, the mantle and core based on the relative position, composition and density.
6.E.2.2 Explain how crustal plates and ocean basins are formed, move and interact using earthquakes, heat flow and volcanoes to reflect forces within the earth.
6.E.2.3 Explain how the formation of soil is related to the parent rock type and the environment in which it develops.
6.L.1.2 Explain the significance of the processes of photosynthesis, respiration, and transpiration to the survival of green plants and other organisms.
7.P.1.1 Explain how the motion of an object can be described by its position, direction of motion, and speed with respect to some other object.
7.P.2.1 Explain how kinetic and potential energy contribute to the mechanical energy of an object.
7.P.2.2 Explain how energy can be transformed from one form to another.
8.E.2.1 Infer the age of Earth and relative age of rocks and fossils from index fossils and ordering of rock layers (relative dating and radioactive dating).
8.E.2.2 Explain the use of fossils, ice cores, composition of sedimentary rocks, faults, and igneous rock formations found in rock layers as evidence of the history of the Earth and its changing life forms.
8.P.2.2 Explain the implications of the depletion of renewable and nonrenewable energy resources and the importance of conservation.
8.P.2.1 Explain the environmental consequences of the various methods of obtaining, transforming and distributing energy
8.L.4.1 Summarize the use of evidence drawn from geology, fossils, and comparative anatomy to form the basis for biological classification systems and the theory of evolution.