Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) Alignment | Big Canyon Balloon Program

Kindergarten First GradeSecond GradeThird GradeFourth GradeFifth Grade ♦ Sixth Grade Seventh GradeEighth Grade


K.2 (B) plan and conduct simple descriptive investigations such as ways objects move;
K.2 (E) communicate observations with others about simple descriptive investigations.
K.4 (B) use senses as a tool of observation to identify properties and patterns of organisms, objects, and events in the environment.
K.5 (A) observe and record properties of objects, including relative size and mass, such as bigger or smaller and heavier or lighter, shaper, color, and texture.
K.5 (B) observe, record, and discuss how materials can be changed by heating or cooling.
K.6 (C) observe and describe the location of an object in relation to another such as above, below, behind, in front of, and beside
K.6 (D) observe and describe the ways that objects can move such as in a straight line, zigzag, up and down, back and forth, round and round, and fast and slow
K.7 (A) observe, describe, compare, and sort rocks by size, shape, color, and texture;
K.7 (B) observe and describe physical properties of natural sources of water, including color and clarity; and
K.7 (C) give examples of ways rocks, soil, and water are useful. 

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1st Grade

1.3 (B) make predictions based on observable patterns;
1.5 (A) classify objects by observable properties of the materials from which they are made such as larger and smaller, heavier and lighter, shape, color, and texture; and
1.5 (B) predict and identify changes in materials caused by heating and cooling such as ice melting, water freezing, and water evaporating.
1.6 (A) identify and discuss how different forms of energy such as light, heat, and sound are important to everyday life;
1.6 (C) describe the change in the location of an object such as closer to, nearer to, and farther from; and
1.6 (D) demonstrate and record the ways that objects can move such as in a straight line, zig zag, up and down, back and forth, round and round, and fast and slow.
1.7 (B) identify and describe a variety of natural sources of water, including streams, lakes, and oceans.

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2nd Grade

2.3 (B) make predictions based on observable patterns
2.5 (A) classify matter by physical properties, including shape, relative mass, relative temperature, texture, flexibility, and whether material is a solid or liquid;
2.5 (B) compare changes in materials caused by heating and cooling;
2.5 (C) demonstrate that things can be done to materials to change their physical properties such as cutting, folding, sanding, and melting; and
2.5 (D) combine materials that when put together can do things that they cannot do by themselves such as building a tower or a bridge and justify the selection of those materials based on their physical properties.
2.6 (D) compare patterns of movement of objects such as sliding, rolling, and spinning
2.7 (A) observe and describe rocks by size, texture, and color;
MATH 2.9 (E) determine a solution to a problem involving length, including estimating lengths;

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3rd Grade

3.3 (C) represent the natural world using models such as volcanoes or Sun, Earth, and Moon system and identify their limitations, including size, properties, and materials
3.5 (C) predict, observe, and record changes in the state of matter caused by heating or cooling; and
3.5 (D) explore and recognize that a mixture is created when two materials are combined such as gravel and sand and metal and plastic paper clips.
3.6 (A) explore different forms of energy, including mechanical, light, sound, and heat/thermal in everyday life;
3.6 (B) demonstrate and observe how position and motion can be changed by pushing and pulling objects to show work being done such as swings, balls, pulleys, and wagons; and
3.6 (C) observe forces such as magnetism and gravity acting on objects.
3.7 (B) investigate rapid changes in Earth’s surface such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and landslides;
3.7 (C) identify and compare different landforms, including mountains, hills, valleys, and plains;
3.9 (A) observe and describe the physical characteristics of environments and how they support populations and communities within an ecosystem;
3.9 (C) describe environmental changes such as floods and droughts where some organisms thrive and others perish or move to new locations.
3.10 (B) explore that some characteristics of organisms are inherited such as the number of limbs on an animal or flower color and recognize that some behaviors are learned in response to living in a certain environment such as animals using tools to get food.

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4th Grade

4.2 (B) collect and record data by observing and measuring, using the metric system, and using descriptive words and numerals such as labeled drawings, writing, and concept maps;
4.3 (C) represent the natural world using models such as rivers, stream tables, or fossils and identify their limitations, including accuracy and size
4.6 (A) differentiate among forms of energy, including mechanical, sound, electrical, light, and heat/thermal
4.7 (A) examine properties of soils, including color and texture, capacity to retain water, and ability to support the growth of plants;
4.7 (B) observe and identify slow changes to Earth’s surface caused by weathering, erosion, and deposition from water, wind, and ice; and
4.7 (C) identify and classify Earth’s renewable resources, including air, plants, water, and animals; and nonrenewable resources, including coal, oil, and natural gas; and the importance of conservation
4.8 (B) describe and illustrate the continuous movement of water above and on the surface of Earth through the water cycle and explain the role of the Sun as a major source of energy in this process; and
4.8 (C) collect and analyze data to identify sequences and predict patterns of change in shadows, tides, seasons, and the observable appearance of the Moon over time.
4.10 (A) explore how adaptations enable organisms to survive in their environment such as comparing birds’ beaks and leaves on plants;

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5th Grade

5.2 (D) analyze and interpret information to construct reasonable explanations from direct (observable) and indirect (inferred) evidence
5.2 (G) construct appropriate simple graphs, tables, maps, and charts using technology, including computers, to organize, examine, and evaluate information.
5.5 (C) demonstrate that some mixtures maintain physical properties of their ingredients such as iron filings and sand
5.6 (A) explore the uses of energy, including mechanical, light, thermal, electrical, and sound energy;
5.7 (A) explore the processes that led to the formation of sedimentary rocks and fossil fuels;
5.7(B) recognize how landforms such as deltas, canyons, and sand dunes are the result of changes to Earth’s surface by wind, water, and ice;
5.7 (D) identify fossils as evidence of past living organisms and the nature of the environments at the time using models
5.9 (A) observe the way organisms live and survive in their ecosystem by interacting with the living and non-living elements;
5.9 (B) describe how the flow of energy derived from the Sun, used by producers to create their own food, is transferred through a food chain and food web to consumers and decomposers;
5.10 (A) compare the structures and functions of different species that help them live and survive such as hooves on prairie animals or webbed feet in aquatic animals;
MATH 5.7 Geometry and measurement. The student applies mathematical process standards to select appropriate units, strategies, and tools to solve problems involving measurement. The student is expected to solve problems by calculating conversions within a measurement system, customary or metric.

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6th Grade

6.3 (B) use models to represent aspects of the natural world such as a model of Earth’s layers;
6.3 (C) identify advantages and limitations of models such as size, scale, properties, and materials;
6.8 (A) compare and contrast potential and kinetic energy;
6.8 (B) identify and describe the changes in position, direction, and speed of an object when acted upon by unbalanced forces;
6.10 (B) classify rocks as metamorphic, igneous, or sedimentary by the processes of their formation;
6.10 (C) identify the major tectonic plates, including Eurasian, African, Indo-Australian, Pacific, North American, and South American; and
6.10 (D) describe how plate tectonics causes major geological events such as ocean basins, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and mountain building.

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7th Grade

7.3 (B) use models to represent aspects of the natural world such as human body systems and plant and animal cells;
7.3 (C) identify advantages and limitations of models such as size, scale, properties, and materials
7.5 (B) demonstrate and explain the cycling of matter within living systems such as in the decay of biomass in a compost bin; and
7.5 (C) diagram the flow of energy through living systems, including food chains, food webs, and energy pyramids
7.7 (A) contrast situations where work is done with different amounts of force to situations where no work is done such as moving a box with a ramp and without a ramp, or standing still;
7.7 (B) illustrate the transformation of energy within an organism such as the transfer from chemical energy to heat and thermal energy in digestion; and
7.7 (C) demonstrate and illustrate forces that affect motion in everyday life such as emergence of seedlings, turgor pressure, and geotropism.
7.8 (A) predict and describe how different types of catastrophic events impact ecosystems such as floods, hurricanes, or tornadoes;
7.8 (B) analyze the effects of weathering, erosion, and deposition on the environment in ecoregions of Texas
7.11 (B) explain variation within a population or species by comparing external features, behaviors, or physiology of organisms that enhance their survival such as migration, hibernation, or storage of food in a bulb
MATH 7.5 (C) solve mathematical and real-world problems involving similar shape and scale drawings.

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8th Grade

8.3 (A) in all fields of science, analyze, evaluate, and critique scientific explanations by using empirical evidence, logical reasoning, and experimental and observational testing, including examining all sides of scientific evidence of those scientific explanations, so as to encourage critical thinking by the student;
8.3 (B) use models to represent aspects of the natural world such as an atom, a molecule, space, or a geologic feature;
8.3 (C) identify advantages and limitations of models such as size, scale, properties, and materials
8.4 (A) use appropriate tools to collect, record, and analyze information, including lab journals/notebooks, beakers, meter sticks, graduated cylinders, anemometers, psychrometers, hot plates, test tubes, spring scales, balances, microscopes, thermometers, calculators, computers, spectroscopes, timing devices, and other equipment as needed to teach the curriculum
8.6 (A) demonstrate and calculate how unbalanced forces change the speed or direction of an object’s motion
8.11 (A) describe producer/consumer, predator/prey, and parasite/host relationships as they occur in food webs within marine, freshwater, and terrestrial ecosystems.

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