Georgia Curriculum Standards | Orbit Earth Expo

Kindergarten First GradeSecond GradeThird GradeFourth GradeFifth Grade Sixth Grade


Kindergarten

SKE1. Students will describe time patterns (such as day to night and night to day) and objects (such as sun, moon, stars) in the day and night sky.
a. Describe changes that occur in the sky during the day, as day turns into night, during the night, and as night turns into day.
b. Classify objects according to those seen in the day sky and those seen in the night sky.
c. Recognize that the Sun supplies heat and light to Earth

SKP3. Students will observe and communicate effects of gravity on objects.
a. Recognize that some things, such as airplanes and birds, are in the sky, but return to earth.
b. Recognize that the sun, moon, and stars are in the sky, but don’t come down.

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1st Grade

S1P1. Students will investigate light and sound.
a. Recognize sources of light.
b. Explain how shadows are made

S1CS4. Students will use the ideas of system, model, change, and scale in exploring scientific and technological matters.
a. Use a model—such as a toy or a picture—to describe a feature of the primary thing.
b. Describe changes in the size, weight, color, or movement of things, and note which of their other qualities remain the same during a specific change.
c. Compare very different sizes, weights, ages (baby/adult), and speeds (fast/slow) of both human made and natural things.

S1CS7. Students will understand important features of the process of scientific inquiry.

S1CS5. Students will communicate scientific ideas and activities clearly.
a. Describe and compare things in terms of number, shape, texture, size, weight, color, and motion.

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2nd Grade

S2E1. Students will understand that stars have different sizes, brightness, and patterns.
a. Describe the physical attributes of stars—size, brightness, and patterns.

S2E2. Students will investigate the position of sun and moon to show patterns throughout the year.
a. Investigate the position of the sun in relation to a fixed object on earth at various times of the day.
b. Determine how the shadows change through the day by making a shadow stick or using a sundial.
c. Relate the length of the day and night to the change in seasons (for example: Days are longer than the night in the summer.).
d. Use observations and charts to record the shape of the moon for a period of time.

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3rd Grade

S3CS2. Students will have the computation and estimation skills necessary for analyzing data and following scientific explanations.

S3CS4. Students will use ideas of system, model, change, and scale in exploring scientific and technological matters.
a. Observe and describe how parts influence one another in things with many parts.
c. Identify ways in which the representations do not match their original counterparts.

S3P1. Students will investigate how heat is produced and the effects of heating and cooling, and will understand a change in temperature indicates a change in heat.
c. Investigate the transfer of heat energy from the sun to various materials.

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4th Grade

S4P1. Students will investigate the nature of light using tools such as mirrors, lenses, and prisms.
a. Identify materials that are transparent, opaque, and translucent.
b. Investigate the reflection of light using a mirror and a light source.
c. Identify the physical attributes of a convex lens, a concave lens, and a prism and where each is used.

S4E1. Students will compare and contrast the physical attributes of stars, star patterns, and planets.
a. Recognize the physical attributes of stars in the night sky such as number, size, color and patterns.
b. Compare the similarities and differences of planets to the stars in appearance, position, and number in the night sky.
c. Explain why the pattern of stars in a constellation stays the same, but a planet can be seen in different locations at different times.
d. Identify how technology is used to observe distant objects in the sky.

S4E2. Students will model the position and motion of the earth in the solar system and will explain the role of relative position and motion in determining sequence of the phases of the moon.
a. Explain the day/night cycle of the earth using a model.
b. Explain the sequence of the phases of the moon.
c. Demonstrate the revolution of the earth around the sun and the earth’s tilt to explain the seasonal changes.
d. Demonstrate the relative size and order from the sun of the planets in the solar system.

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5th Grade

S5CS2. Students will have the computation and estimation skills necessary for analyzing data and following scientific explanations.
b. Use fractions and decimals, and translate between decimals and commonly encountered fractions – halves, thirds, fourths, fifths, tenths, and hundredths (but not sixths, sevenths, and so on) – in scientific calculations.
c. Judge whether measurements and computations of quantities, such as length, area, volume, weight, or time, are reasonable answers to scientific problems by comparing them to typical values.

S5CS4. Students will use ideas of system, model, change, and scale in exploring scientific and technological matters.
a. Observe and describe how parts influence one another in things with many parts.
b. Use geometric figures, number sequences, graphs, diagrams, sketches, number lines, maps, and stories to represent corresponding features of objects, events, and processes in the real world. Identify ways in which the representations do not match their original counterparts.
c. Identify patterns of change in things—such as steady, repetitive, or irregular change—using records, tables, or graphs of measurements where appropriate.

S5CS7. Students will be familiar with the character of scientific knowledge and how it is achieved.
Students will recognize that:
a. Similar scientific investigations seldom produce exactly the same results, which may differ due to unexpected differences in whatever is being investigated, unrecognized differences in the methods or circumstances of the investigation, or observational uncertainties.
b. Some scientific knowledge is very old and yet is still applicable today.

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6th Grade

S6E1. Students will explore current scientific views of the universe and how those views evolved.
b. Describe the position of the solar system in the Milky Way galaxy and the universe.
c. Compare and contrast the planets in terms of
Size relative to the earth
Surface and atmospheric features
Relative distance from the sun
Ability to support life
d. Explain the motion of objects in the day/night sky in terms of relative position.
e. Explain that gravity is the force that governs the motion in the solar system.
f. Describe the characteristics of comets, asteroids, and meteors.

S6E2. Students will understand the effects of the relative positions of the earth, moon and sun.
a. Demonstrate the phases of the moon by showing the alignment of the earth, moon, and sun.
b. Explain the alignment of the earth, moon, and sun during solar and lunar eclipses.
c. Relate the tilt of the earth to the distribution of sunlight throughout the year and its effect on climate.

S6E3. Students will recognize the significant role of water in earth processes.
a. Explain that a large portion of the Earth’s surface is water, consisting of oceans, rivers, lakes, underground water, and ice.
b. Relate various atmospheric conditions to stages of the water cycle.
c. Describe the composition, location, and subsurface topography of the world’s oceans.
d. Explain the causes of waves, currents, and tides.

S6E6. Students will describe various sources of energy and with their uses and conservation.
a. Explain the role of the sun as the major source of energy and its relationship to wind and water energy.

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